General Knowledge MCQs Test Paper 1

Q.  ‘Quwwat ul-Islam’ Mosque is in_______________?

a. Kabul
b. Agra
c. Lahore
d. Delhi


ANSWER: See Answer
 
Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque (built 1192-1316)
Quwwat-ul-Islam was sponsored by Qutb-ud-din Aibak, founder of the Mamluk dynasty. Born a slave in Turkey, Qutb rose to prominence as a general during Muhammed Ghari’s invasion of India in the 1180s. After Muhammed’s assasination in 1206, Qutb seized the throne and crowned himself Sultan of the Mamluk dynasty, often disparagingly called the “Slave Dynasty” after Qutb’s origins. Although the dynasty lasted for only a few centuries, Muslim rule in India endured up to the British occuption in 1858.

Qutb was a fanatical Muslim. When his garison occupied Delhi under the command of Muhammed Ghari in 1192, he ordered the destruction of twenty-seven Hindu and Jain temples to furnish building materials for the construction of Delhi’s first mosque. Quwwat-ul-Islam, the “Glory of Islam,” was hastily erected by the young amir, who conscripted an army of local craftsmen, presumably Hindus, to assemble the structure. The Hindu stonemasons repurposed columns from the destroyed temples, but adapting them to use in a mosque proved problematic given Islam’s injunction against the use of images in temples. The masons were forced to plaster over the highly sculpted Hindu columns and presumably cover them with geometric designs. However, after centuries of neglect the plaster has fallen away, revealing the original Hindu carvings.

The Quwwat-ul-Islam is best known for its tower of victory, celebrating the Muslim conquest of India. It is built of red sandstone, gray quartz, and white marble, but is probably inspired by the iron “Pillar of the Law” that stands on the site. Built in the Mauryan dynasty in the 6th century, it is the only piece of the temple that stands in its original location. Qutb built around it when he constructed the mosque. Although made of iron, it has resisted rust for over 1,500 years, evidence of the Mauryan’s superb metallurgical skills.

Expansion of the mosque continued after the death of Qutb. His son-in-law Altamash (or Illtutmish) extended the original prayer hall screen by three more arches (image 8). By the time of Altamash the Mamluk empire had stablized enough that the Sultan could replace most of his conscripted Hindu masons with Islamic ones. This explains why the arches added under Altamash are stylistically more Islamic than the ones erected under Qutb’s rule.

Just to the west of the expanded mosque, Altamash built his own tomb, the first to be erected for the Delhi Sultanate. Despite the presence of Muslim craftsman, the tomb is mostly Hindu in design if not in execution. Much of the superstructure and most of the walls are built of pillaged building material. Altamash’s body was laid to rest in a subterranean chamber beneath the tomb.

The decline of Quwwat-ul-Islam began during the rule of Ala-ud-din (1296-1316), known to the West as “Alladin”. Ala-ud-din at first seemed inclined to patronize the mosque, even adding an enormous new courtyard wall and erecting the base of a huge new minar (tower). However, Ala-ud-dins dreams were so grand that he decided to abandon the Lal Kot (Delhi) capital and move to nearby Siri, whereupon Quwwat-ul-Islam lost its pre-eminence.
MCQs:  The capital of Tajikistan is_________?
Category: General Knowledge Quiz,   Published by: T-Code Scripts
MCQs:  Old Name of Squash is___________?
Category: General Knowledge Quiz,   Published by: T-Code Scripts
MCQs:  How is the hantavirus transmitted?
Category: General Knowledge Quiz,   Published by: T-Code Scripts
MCQs:  Hantaviruses are spread to humans through contact with certain animals. Which animals?
Category: General Knowledge Quiz,   Published by: T-Code Scripts
MCQs:  What group(s) of people has/have a higher risk of developing severe disease and death due to Coronavirus (Covid-19)? I. Women and Children II. 60 years old or above III. people already underlying medical conditions ;
Category: General Knowledge Quiz,   Published by: T-Code Scripts
MCQs:  Name the Europian who first landed on Indian Subcontinent?
Category: General Knowledge Quiz,   Published by: T-Code Scripts
MCQs:  Nicosia is the capital of which country __________ ?
Category: General Knowledge Quiz,   Published by: T-Code Scripts
MCQs:  Moroni is the capital of which country __________ ?
Category: General Knowledge Quiz,   Published by: T-Code Scripts
MCQs:  Bogotá is the capital of which country __________ ?
Category: General Knowledge Quiz,   Published by: T-Code Scripts
MCQs:  Who was the first PM of England?
Category: General Knowledge Quiz,   Published by: T-Code Scripts
MCQs:  “Dasht-e-Lut” desert is located in____________?
Category: General Knowledge Quiz,   Published by: T-Code Scripts
MCQs:  Which of the following diseases are related to Coronavirus?
Category: General Knowledge Quiz,   Published by: T-Code Scripts
MCQs:  How many muslim country are there in ASEAN ?
Category: General Knowledge Quiz,   Published by: T-Code Scripts
MCQs:  Paradise Lost was written by__________?
Category: General Knowledge Quiz,   Published by: T-Code Scripts
MCQs:  When Air Commodore Muhammad Mahmood Alam Was Died?
Category: General Knowledge Quiz,   Published by: T-Code Scripts
MCQs:  When Was Air Commodore Muhammad Mahmood Alam Born?
Category: General Knowledge Quiz,   Published by: T-Code Scripts
MCQs:  How many prisons are in Punjab?
Category: General Knowledge Quiz,   Published by: T-Code Scripts
MCQs:  In which state of USA is the Harvard University?
Category: General Knowledge Quiz,   Published by: T-Code Scripts
MCQs:  What is the national animal of the Democratic Republic of the Congo?
Category: General Knowledge Quiz,   Published by: T-Code Scripts
MCQs:  National animal of Austria is__________?
Category: General Knowledge Quiz,   Published by: T-Code Scripts