Probability Mcqs

Q.  A box contains 3 blue marbles, 4 red, 6 green marbles and 2 yellow marbles. If two marbles are picked at random, what is the probability that they are either blue or yellow?

a. 3/22
b. 4/21
c. 2/21
d. 1/14


ANSWER: See Answer
 
Given that there are three blue marbles, four red marbles, six green marbles and two yellow marbles. Probability that both marbles are blue = ³C₂/¹⁵C₂ = (3 * 2)/(15 * 14) = 1/35

Probability that both are yellow = ²C₂/¹⁵C₂ = (2 * 1)/(15 * 14) = 1/105
Probability that one blue and other is yellow = (³C₁ * ²C₁)/¹⁵C₂ = (2 * 3 * 2)/(15 * 14) = 2/35
Required probability = 1/35 + 1/105 + 2/35
= 3/35 + 1/105 = 1/35(3 + 1/3)
= 10/(3 * 35) = 2/21
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